The negative effects (to put it lightly!) of smoking are common knowledge nowadays and recently passed laws, such as the smoking ban in public buildings, has attempted to reduce the risk of secondary smoke to non-smokers. But what are the most common effects of smoking, and how many of them are permanent?


Cancer is one of the first things most people think of on the subject of diseases caused by smoking. The list of cancers that smokers put themselves at risk of may be longer than one would first think, including lung, throat, stomach, bladder, kidney, mouth, cervix and pancreas cancer. Smokers are also much more likely to develop cancer compared to non smokers too, up to seven times more likely according to some studies.

Heart diseases

Multiple heart diseases are risked by smokers, and the chances of falling prey to a heart attack or a stroke are greatly increased by smoking. Heightened blood pressure and the hardening and thickening of artery walls – which decreases blood flow and can even cause blood clots, both primary causes of heart attacks – are also problems linked to smoking.

The thickening of artery walls can wear off with time once you have given up smoking, and the likelihood of having a heart attack can be reduced with it. For the effects to fully wear off, however, it can take a prolonged period of time, in some cases a number of years.

Lung diseases

The primary problem for the lungs to do with smoking is issues with breathing, shortness of breath and long coughing attacks which can be caused by the carbon monoxide in cigarettes. Luckily, the lungs are much more proficient at cleaning themselves than the heart and you may begin to feel a difference in breathing patterns and stamina within just a few days of your last cigarette.

Available help

With public awareness on the health issues of smoking so high, there are many places to turn for help with quitting including the NHS who do free Quit Smoking packs.

Oral hygiene is essential for good oral health. It is important to maintain a good oral hygiene regime to reduce your risk of suffering from oral diseases such as gum disease and dental decay.

Oral health has a bearing on general health, as well as your appearance and it is incredibly important to look after your teeth and gums. This is not just to ensure that your teeth look healthy and you feel confident when you smile, but also to decrease your risk of developing potentially serious health conditions. A number of studies have linked poor oral health to an increased risk of heart disease, strokes and diabetes, so oral hygiene is perhaps even more important than ever before.

How can I benefit from seeing a dental hygienist?

Our expert dental hygienists in the city of London provide a range of preventative and hygiene treatments designed to tackle existing problems such as gum disease or bad breath and reduce the risk of issues occurring in the future. Our hygienists use intensive cleaning treatments to remove bacteria and plaque from the mouth and give the teeth a radiant and healthy glow.

Whether you have a high risk of developing gum disease, already have gum disease, have bad breath or simply want to enjoy a deep clean, seeing a dental hygienist on a regular basis will prove extremely beneficial.

Oral hygiene tips

We recommend brushing twice a day for a minimum of two minutes each time using fluoride toothpaste and flossing on a regular basis. We also advise avoiding snacking on sugary or acidic foods and drinks between meals and ensuring that you visit your dentist every six months for a routine check-up.


Though we have very little time to spare in the average day, we must endeavour to make time for our oral hygiene in order to keep our bodies healthy; and it’s not just about how we clean our teeth and gums daily either. Sure, it is important to keep the teeth, gums and tongues free from bacteria in order to prevent a build up of plaque, and subsequently, the breaking out of decay and disease. This can be done by setting yourself up with a good brush, pastes, floss and mouthwashes- and then learning to use them properly at least twice a day; if need be carry some products on your person at all times. But your mouth is also affected by what you put in it as well; a poor diet, smoking and drinking can all have detrimental results on your teeth and gums, as well as reducing the effectiveness of your immune system. If you are worried about any issues like these then get in touch with the Advance Dental Clinic over in Chelmsford; these people service the Braintree area and can give you advice and tips on oral care and how to improve your lifestyle for the better. Don’t also forget you have your dentist to fall back on if you are having problems, so keep up with regular visits, because your dentist can spot things going wrong immediately. Call 01245 268 494 for a free consultation at Advance Dental Clinic in Chelmsford.