The infection and inflammation of the bones and the ligaments that hold the teeth is called periodontitis. This condition arises when the infection or inflammation of gums is left untreated or when proper treatment is delayed. Periodontitis is the most common reason for missing teeth in adults in the UK.
Some of the symptoms of periodontitis are:
- bad breath
- red or reddish-purple gums
- shiny gums
- bleeding gums
- tender and painful gums
- swollen gums
The objectives for the treatment of periodontitis is to lessen the inflammation, remove the pockets and ‘find and treat’ the root cause. Any rough surface, whether on a dental appliance or on the teeth, must be immediately fixed and other known illness in the body should also be taken care of.
Cleaning the teeth thoroughly is the first step. Many different kinds of instruments can be used to remove the accumulation of plaque around the teeth. Even after professional cleaning is undertaken, patients should regularly spend time keeping their teeth clean. You can check with the dentist or the hygienist for the proper technique of flossing and brushing.
People who are suffering from periodontitis must try to visit the dentist more than twice a year to get professional oral cleaning. In the presence of deep pockets around the teeth, surgery would be required to get them cleaned. Teeth could also need to be removed if the infection has spread, in order to protect the surrounding teeth.