Mouth ulcers are non-infectious and may result from food allergies, smoking, stress, anxiety, hormonal changes, certain medical conditions and medications. Some people find that mouth ulcers run in the family.
It is worth discussing serious mouth ulcers with a medical professional, as they may be a sign of iron or vitamin B12 deficiency. Those suffering with Crohn’s and Coeliac disease or arthritis may experience mouth ulcers. Although easily treated, mouth ulcers may be a sign of a serious immune-deficiency conditions or viral infection.
Treating a mouth ulcer
Mouth ulcers may be rarely experienced, not affecting oral functions such as eating and speaking. Mild and occasional ulcers may heal naturally within a week without treatment. More frequent ulcers that cause discomfort may be treated through:
Oral hygiene techniques
Changing your toothbrush for a softer one and rinsing with an antimicrobial mouthwash containing an ingredient such as chlorhexidine gluconate may give relief. By keeping the mouth clean, gum tissue irritation and mouth ulcers may be prevented. Mild ulcers may be relieved through rinsing the mouth with warm water and salt.
Avoid oral irritants
Avoiding foods, such as coffee and peanuts, that are known to trigger mouth ulcers help in preventing onset. Selecting softer foods may be better. Changing ulcer-triggering medications may help.
Where stress and anxiety is the cause of frequent mouth ulcers, a lifestyle change to reduce stress levels may make all the difference. Some people find that exercise helps as well as relaxation techniques such as meditation.
Treatments for mouth ulcers are available at local pharmacies without the need of a doctor’s prescription. A doctor may prescribe medication to treat mouth ulcers, such as corticosteroids and painkillers. The medication aims to reduce the inflammation caused by the ulcer and heal the wound. Contact the team at Advance Dental Clinic in Essex for more information.