Gum disease is one of the most common preventable illnesses among adults in the UK. It is the most common cause of premature tooth loss in British adults, but spotting it early can help to reduce the risk of further complications. In its mild form, gum disease is easily treated.
What are the signs of gum disease?
There are two forms of gum disease. Gingivitis, which translates as inflamed gums, is the milder form of gum disease, while periodontal disease is a more serious form. Gingivitis is very common and in most cases, it can be treated simply. However, if it is left untreated, it can develop into periodontal disease, which is much more serious and may result in permanent damage to the bone structure that supports the teeth and gums.
The most common signs of gum disease include:
- bleeding gums – this is most common when you brush your teeth
- sore and tender gums
- red gums
- swollen gums
As gum disease becomes more advanced, you may also notice an unpleasant taste in your mouth, gum recession and your teeth starting to feel loose.
What can be done for gum disease?
Gingivitis is usually treated very effectively with oral hygiene treatments such as thorough cleaning and a scale and polish. Periodontal disease is not curable and the aim is to prevent further harm and save the teeth. Regular hygiene sessions are recommended and our dentists work closely with our expert dental hygienists to draw up personalised treatment plans for patients with gum disease.
Preventing gum disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is to adopt and maintain a good daily oral hygiene routine, which should consist of brushing the teeth twice daily for at least two minutes each time and flossing. Regular dental appointments are also very important and you should try to avoid smoking and eating sugary foods or drinks.