Apart from tooth decay the most common and damaging form of dental concern is gum disease. It is a problem that affects most people at some point to varying degrees, with few people ever even realising they are suffering from gum disease. The mild form of the disease is known as gingivitis and can be easily treated with increased cleaning and regular dental check ups. More serious forms of gum disease may require more thorough treatment with antibiotics and even a gingivectomy, which is the removal of gum tissue. This more serious form of the disease is called periodontitis and requires treatment from the dentist to prevent the further spread of infection. Gum disease has even been linked to causing heart problems. This is because the infection is able to spread into the blood stream in the mouth and can directly attack the heart and other areas of the body.
The most effective form of treatment for gum disease is of course prevention. Maintaining a high standard of oral hygiene will help to prevent gum disease and the associated problems. This can be achieved by brushing correctly for three minutes twice a day. This helps to stop plaque building up. Plaque is a filmy substance made of bacteria and other debris that coats the teeth and attacks the enamel and gum tissue and is one of the primary sources for oral infection. Flossing at least once a day helps to remove trapped food particles from between then teeth that brushing cannot remove. This helps to keep the levels of dangerous bacteria in the mouth low. Flossing also cleans the teeth below the gum line, which again is an area hard to reach with regular brushing. Dentists also advise cleaning your tongue with a specially designed tongue cleaner to remove bacteria. Lastly and most importantly is to keep up six-monthly appointments with a dentist who will be able to spot the first signs of gum disease. They can also offer hygiene advice and carry out a thorough deep clean of the teeth and gums.
If you are concerned about gum disease or are experiencing irritable or even bleeding gums, then make an appointment to see a dentist as soon as possible. Catching and treating gum disease early can make treatment easier and prevent any further health complications. Call 01245 268 494 for a free consultation at Advance Dental Clinic in Chelmsford.